Asthma is a chronic condition that causes narrowing and inflammation of the passages that allow air to enter and leave the lungs. These are called the bronchial tubes.
Symptoms can be more severe if people with asthma are exposed to substances to which they are sensitive to.
Types of Asthma
There are two types of asthma:
Non allergic asthma which can be caused by exercise, illness like a cold or flu, stress, or even exposure to extreme weather conditions.
Allergic asthma which is caused by the exposure to an allergen.
- Shortness of breath
- A feeling of tightness in the chest
- Coughing or wheezing
The following may cause your asthma to flare up:
- Exercise (although exercise can also be very important in the management of asthma)
- Different weather conditions such as wet or windy weather, extremely dry weather or very cold air. Even thunderstorms can trigger an asthma episode
- Cigarette smoke, pollution, chemical fumes and strong odours
- Allergens found outside, such as pollens from trees, grasses and weeds
- Allergens found inside, such as pet hair or dander, dust mites, and moulds
- Certain food additives or medications
- Viral colds or flu
An asthma flare-up is often called an asthma attack if it comes on quickly or severely. Other asthma flare-ups can come on much more slowly over hours, days or even weeks. In Australia, one in ten people will suffer from asthma. It can affect people of all ages, from the very young to the elderly.
We can’t cure asthma. But with the right help and with the right management plan it can be well controlled. Book an appointment to see Dr Katzen to start achieving relief from symptoms.
If your asthma is well under control you should have no more than 2 days a week where you suffer from your symptoms. It also means that you don’t need your asthma puffer more than 2 days a week. And if well managed your asthma should not be limiting your daily activities. Asthma, if left untreated or mismanaged can be deadly. Patients suffering from asthma need to be under the care of their doctor to help manage and treat their symptoms and causes.